Democratic citizenship and human rights education

Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture

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The Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture (RFCDC) was published by the Council of Europe in April 2018 and is made up of 3 volumes.

Volume 1

contains the Model of Competences: 20 competences divided into four areas – values, attitudes, skills and knowledge and critical understanding – as well as information about the background to the model, how it was developed and how it is intended to be used.

Volume 2

contains competence descriptors, that is, a series of statements setting out learning targets and outcomes for each competence. These descriptors are intended to help educators design learning situations that enable them to observe learners’ behaviour in relation to a given competence.

Volume 3

offers guidance on how the Model of Competences might be used in six education contexts: curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, teacher training, whole school approach and the prevention of radicalization and extremism.

For more information about the Reference Framework, please see the website of the Council of Europe: https://www.coe.int/en/web/campaign-free-to-speak-safe-to-learn/reference-framework-of-competences-for-democratic-culture.